Tissue Culture section established in 1984 under Department of Agriculture Science and Technology in Crop Improvement and Crop Production Divisions is engaged in large scale production of true to type and disease free sugarcane plantlets using apical meristem culture technique. This micropropagation technique allows faster multiplication of a sugarcane variety using smaller space. The Section is also engaged in development of elite sugarcane varieties using callus culture technique. Using this technique, section developed early maturing, high sugared and drought tolerant variety of sugarcane (VSI 434).
Following are the objectives:
1. Development of elite varieties of sugarcane.
2. Development of cost effective micropropagation protocol for mass multiplication of sugarcane varieties
3. Development of Vasant Urja as Biostimulator for improvement in yield and quality of sugarcane and other crops
Vasant Urja : A Versatile Multipurpose Bio-polymer Derivative
Vasant Urja is plant bio-stimulators, a substance with exception to fertilizers and pesticides, which required in small quantity and work as plant growth promoter. It helps in nutrient uptake and induces tolerance to abiotic and biotic stresses, resulting in better crop productivity. It can be used for seed treatment or foliar spray or soil drenching. Vasant Urja is a chitin derivative based biopolymer developed by VSI Pune and BARC, Mumbai for the application in sugarcane. It has been irradiated with Electron Beam radiations to obtain its nanoparticles. Irradiation increases its efficacy and water solubility. It is primarily used as biostimulator and has been recommended by JOINT- AGRESCO-2018 for improving sugarcane yield and sugar production. Apart from yiled improvement in sugarcane it has shown excellent elicitor properties for inducing drought/salt/cold tolerance and even in helping crop coming out from flood tolerance.